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Cancer Genet Cytogenet. 2008 Feb;181(1):16-9. doi: 10.1016/j.cancergencyto.2007.10.019.

Mitochondrial DNA G10398A variant is not associated with breast cancer in African-American women.

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Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine and Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.


Mitochondria play important roles in cellular energy production, free radical generation, and apoptosis. In a previous report, the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) G10398A (Thr-->Ala) polymorphism was associated with breast cancer risk in African-American women [Cancer Res 2005;65:8028-33]. We sought to replicate the association by genotyping the G10398A polymorphism in multiple established population-based case-control studies of breast cancer in African-American women. The 10398A allele was not significantly associated with risk in any of the studies: San Francisco (542 cases, 282 controls, odds ratio OR = 1.73, 95% confidence interval CI = 0.87-3.47, P = 0.12); Multiethnic Cohort (391 cases, 460 controls, OR = 1.08, 95% CI = 0.62-1.86, P = 0.79); and CARE and LIFE (524 cases, 236 controls, OR = 0.81, 95% CI = 0.43-1.52, P = 0.50). With data pooled across the studies (1,456 cases and 978 controls), no significant association was observed with the 10398A allele (OR = 1.14, 95% CI = 0.80-1.62, P = 0.47, test for heterogeneity = 0.30). In analysis of advanced breast cancer cases (n = 674), there was also no significant association (OR = 1.18, 95% CI = 0.76-1.82, P = 0.46). Our results do not support the hypothesis that the mtDNA G10398A polymorphism is, as has previously been reported, a marker of breast cancer risk in African Americans.

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