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J Infect Dis. 2008 Mar 1;197(5):654-7. doi: 10.1086/527420.

Varicella-zoster virus in the saliva of patients with herpes zoster.

Author information

1
Enterprise Advisory Services, Inc., USA.

Abstract

Fifty-four patients with herpes zoster were treated with valacyclovir. On treatment days 1, 8, and 15, pain was scored and saliva examined for varicella-zoster virus (VZV) DNA. VZV DNA was found in every patient the day treatment was started and later disappeared in 82%. There was a positive correlation between the presence of VZV DNA and pain and between VZV DNA copy number and pain (P <.0005). VZV DNA was present in 1 patient before rash and in 4 after pain resolved and was not present in any of 6 subjects with chronic pain or in 14 healthy subjects. Analysis of human saliva has potential usefulness in the diagnosis of neurological disease produced by VZV without rash.

PMID:
18260763
PMCID:
PMC2938732
DOI:
10.1086/527420
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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