Send to

Choose Destination
Cell. 1991 Mar 8;64(5):927-39.

Delta mu H+ and ATP function at different steps of the catalytic cycle of preprotein translocase.

Author information

Molecular Biology Institute, University of California, Los Angeles 90024-15.


Preprotein translocation in E. coli requires ATP, the membrane electrochemical potential delta mu H+, and translocase, an enzyme with an ATPase domain (SecA) and the membrane-embedded SecY/E. Studies of translocase and proOmpA binds to the SecA domain. Second, SecA binds ATP. Third, ATP-binding energy permits translocation of approximately 20 residues of proOmpA. Fourth, ATP hydrolysis releases proOmpA. ProOmpA may then rebind to SecA and reenter this cycle, allowing progress through a series of transmembrane intermediates. In the absence of delta mu H+ or association with SecA, proOmpA passes backward through the membrane, but moves forward when either ATP and SecA or a membrane electrochemical potential is supplied. However, in the presence of delta mu H+ (fifth step), proOmpA rapidly completes translocation. delta mu H(+)-driven translocation is blocked by SecA plus nonhydrolyzable ATP analogs, indicating that delta mu H+ drives translocation when ATP and proOmpA are not bound to SecA.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center