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Eur J Med Genet. 2008 Mar-Apr;51(2):156-64. doi: 10.1016/j.ejmg.2007.12.003. Epub 2007 Dec 24.

TWIST microdeletion identified by array CGH in a patient presenting Saethre-Chotzen phenotype and a complex rearrangement involving chromosomes 2 and 7.

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Hospices Civils de Lyon, Service de Cytogénétique Constitutionnelle - Centre de Biologie et de Pathologie Est, 59 Boulevard Pinel, Bron 69677 Cedex, France.


Saethre-Chotzen syndrome (SCS), also known as acrocephalosyndactyly III, is an autosomal dominant hereditary disorder characterized by craniofacial and limb anomalies. SCS is generally caused by mutations in the TWIST gene, but several 7p21.3 microdeletions involving the entire gene have also been described. The patient reported here presented with craniosynostosis, ptosis, brachydactyly and syndactyly of toes. Standard lymphocyte karyotype showed a de novo apparently balanced but complex constitution with a translocation between the short arms of chromosomes 2 and 7 and an insertion of the 7(q21.3q22) band in the short arm of the same chromosome 7. Interestingly, array CGH displayed a unique 690 kb deletion in 7p21.3 involving the TWIST gene, consistent with the phenotype. This case illustrates the important contribution of array CGH to identification of complex chromosomal rearrangements.

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