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Tunis Med. 2007 Sep;85(9):756-60.

[Chronic gastritis in children].

[Article in French]

Author information

1
Service de Médecine Infantile C, Hôpital d'Enfants de Tunis.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Active gastritis, atrophic gastritis (AG) and intestinal metaplasia are lesions associated with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection in adults.

AIM:

To assess the prevalence of chronic gastritis, its histological characteristics and clinical features in children.

METHODS:

345 children (M/F: 151/194, mean age: 8.6 +/- 3.7 years; range: 1-18 years) were enrolled, referred for upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (UGI endo) with clinical manifestations of gastritis, i.e., recurrent abdominal pain (n = 232, 67.2%), upper gastrointestinal bleeding (n = 59, 17.1%) and miscellaneous (n = 53, 15.3%). Four perendoscopic gastric biopsy specimens (antrum: 2, fundus: 2) were taken. Biopsies were assessed and graded according to the updated Sydney system. H. pylori infection was considered if 2 out 3 tests were positive (culture, histology and rapid urease test), whereas 3 concordant negative results identified H. pylori negative children.

RESULTS:

H. pylori infection and chronic gastritis were detected in 215/345 (62.3%) (M/F: 104/117, sex ratio M/F = 0.89) and 221/345 (64.05%) children, respectively. Recurrent abdominal pain (n = 149, 67.4%) was the main clinical features of chronic gastritis followed by vomiting (n = 43, 19.5%) and upper gastrointestinal bleeding (n = 41, 18.6%). Any clinical features were however found to be specific. UGI endo showed; nodular gastritis (n = 90, 40.72%), congestive gastritis (n = 84, 38%), gastric ulcer (n = 9), bulbar ulcer (n = 5) and normal (n = 47, 21.2%). Chronic gastritis was active in 115 cases (52%) and was significantly associated with nodular gastritis (p < 0.05). Thirty two chronic gastritis (14.4%) exhibited AG (M/F: 16/16, mean age: 9.4 +/- 3.4 years) and 30/32 (93.7%) were H. pylori positive. AG was significantly associated with H. pylori infection (p < 0.0001) and nodular gastritis (p < 0.005). Active, follicular and AG were significantly associated with H. pylori infection (p < 0.00001). Three patients exhibited intestinal metaplasia.

CONCLUSION:

Chronic gastritis is frequent in children. Any clinical features were found to be specific. It significantly associated H. pylori infection and nodular gastritis. Atrophic gastritis was found in 14.5% of children.

PMID:
18254306
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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