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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1991 Jan 31;174(2):810-5.

Characterization of alpha 2 beta 2 and alpha 2 forms of kinesin.

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Department of Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213.


Bovine brain kinesin separates into two components on sucrose density gradient centrifugation. The predominant component is a heterotetramer of two 120 kDa alpha subunits and two 64 kDa beta subunits with an sedimentation coefficient of 9.6 S and a low Vm rate of microtubule-stimulated ATPase of 1.3 +/- 0.5 sec-1 at 25 degrees, pH 7.0. The minor element is a homodimer of two alpha subunits without beta subunits with a sedimentation coefficient of 6.9 S and a higher Vm rate of microtubule-stimulated ATPase of 7.0 +/- 1.9 sec-1. Microtubules stimulate the rate of release of ADP from the active site of the tetramer, but the rate of release is not fast enough to account for the rate of steady state ATP hydrolysis. Further complexity is indicated by biphasic release kinetics. In spite of the large difference in Vm ATPase rate for the two species, both drive the sliding of sea urchin axonemes over glass surfaces at the same velocity.

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