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Angle Orthod. 2008 Mar;78(2):324-31. doi: 10.2319/012607-37.1.

Dentofacial changes after orthodontic intervention with eruption guidance appliance in the early mixed dentition.

Author information

1
Vaasa Central Hospital, Vaasa, Finland.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate skeletal and dentoalveolar changes induced by the eruption guidance appliance in the early mixed dentition.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Pre- and posttreatment cephalometric radiographs of 115 consecutively treated children, 62 boys and 53 girls, were compared with those obtained from a control group of 104 children, 52 boys and 52 girls. Pretreatment radiographs were taken at the deciduous-mixed dentition interphase (T1) and after full eruption of all permanent incisors and first molars (T2). The mean age of the children in both groups was 5.1 years at T1 and 8.4 years at T2.

RESULTS:

A significant difference between the groups at T2 was found in the mandibular length, midfacial length, and maxillomandibular differential. The increase in mandibular length was 11.1 mm in the treatment group and 7.2 mm in the control group. No differences were found in measurements of maxillary position or size. There was a significant shift toward a Class I relationship in the treatment group. Labial tipping and linear protrusion of the mandibular incisors was evident in the treatment group at T2. There was no effect on the inclination or position of the maxillary incisors.

CONCLUSIONS:

Occlusal correction was achieved mainly through changes in the dentoalveolar region of the mandible. In addition, the appliance enhanced condylar growth resulting in a clinically significant increase in mandibular length. No effect was observed on maxillary position, maxillary size, inclination or protrusion of the maxillary incisors, or facial height.

PMID:
18251597
DOI:
10.2319/012607-37.1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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