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Appl Opt. 1997 Jan 1;36(1):10-20.

Frequency-domain photon migration measurements of normal and malignant tissue optical properties in a human subject.


A 1-GHz multifrequency, multiwavelength frequency-domain photon migration instrument is used to measure quantitatively the optical absorption (mu(a)) and effective optical scattering (mu(s) ?) of normal and malignant tissues in a human subject. Large ellipsoidal (~10-cm major axis, ~6-cm minor axes) subcutaneous malignant lesions were compared with adjacent normal sites in the abdomen and back. Absorption coefficients recorded at 674, 811, 849, and 956 nm were used to calculate tissue hemoglobin concentration (oxyhemoglobin, deoxyhemoglobin, and total), water concentration, hemoglobin oxygen saturation, and blood volume fraction in vivo. Our results show that the normal and the malignant tissues measured in the patient have clearly resolvable optical and physiological property differences that may be broadly useful in identifying and characterizing tumors.

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