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J Endocrinol Invest. 2007 Dec;30(11):937-43.

Association of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma2 Pro12Ala but not the C1431T gene variants with lower body mass index in Type 2 diabetes.

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Research Unit of Haematological and Autoimmune Diseases, Faculty of Pharmacy, Center University, Monastir, Tunisia.


The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) is a nuclear receptor involved in lipid metabolism, adipocyte differentiation and regulation of insulin sensitivity, and is associated with Type 2 diabetes (T2DM). The association of the C1431T silent mutation and the Pro12Ala missense transversion within the PPARgamma gene with the development of T2DM or obesity has often yielded contradictory results. We examined the association of the PPARgamma Pro12Ala and C1431T gene variants and their haplotypes with the susceptibility to T2DM. This was a retrospective study involving 491 T2DM patients and 400 age- and gender-matched controls. Pro12Ala and C1431T genotyping was done by PCR-RFLP analysis. Comparable frequencies of the mutant 12Ala (0.07 vs 0.08, p=0.216) and 1431T (0.12 vs 0.10, p=0.189) alleles, and Pro12Ala (p=0.218) and C1431T (p=0.421) genotypes were seen between patients and in nondiabetic control subjects. While no difference was noted in the distribution of Pro12Ala- C1431T haplotypes and genotypes between patients and controls, the PPARgamma 12Ala, but not 1431T, allele was significantly associated with lower body mass index (BMI) (< or =25.0) among patients. Regression analysis confirmed the association of the Pro12Ala (odds ratio =5.340; 95% confidence interval =1.044-27.311) with normal (BMI<25.0) but not with overweight/obesity among T2DM patients. Despite its association with lower BMI among T2DM patients, the PPARgamma gene does not appear to markedly influence Type 2 diabetes among Tunisian subjects.

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