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Metabolism. 2008 Mar;57(3):333-8. doi: 10.1016/j.metabol.2007.10.007.

Impaired glucose tolerance is a risk factor for stroke in a Japanese sample--the Funagata study.

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Department of Neurology, Hematology, Metabolism, Endocrinology and Diabetology (DNHMED), Yamagata University School of Medicine, Yamagata 90-9585, Japan.


Impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) is a known risk factor for cardiovascular disease, which includes stroke as well as coronary heart disease (CHD). We investigated whether IGT is a risk factor for stroke. The incidence of stroke and CHD in a cohort population (n = 2938) consisting of participants of the 1990-1997 Funagata study was assessed through interviews with the participants and their family members and reviews of death certificates and residence transfer documents through 2002. Glucose tolerance at the baseline was classified according to the criteria of the 1998 World Health Organization (normal glucose tolerance, n = 2189; IGT, n = 320; and diabetes, n = 286). The cumulative incidences among the groups were compared using the Kaplan-Meier product-limit method, and the risks of these conditions were evaluated by person-year and Cox proportional hazard methods. During the 147-month (mean, 116.5 months) follow-up, 158 (normal glucose tolerance, IGT, and diabetes: 94, 35, and 29, respectively) participants experienced a stroke and 94 (54, 16, and 24, respectively) experienced CHD. By the person-year method, IGT and diabetes were shown to be significant risk factors for stroke and CHD (odds ratio, 1.87 [95% confidence interval, 1.73-2.03] and 3.57 [3.21-3.98] for stroke; 1.53 [1.31-1.78] and 3.47 [2.91-4.14] for CHD, respectively). Cox proportional hazard analysis showed that IGT was a risk factor for stroke (age-, sex-, and hypertension-adjusted hazard ratio: 1.51 [95% confidence interval, 1.02-2.24], P = .039) but not for CHD (1.21 [0.69-2.313], .509). Impaired glucose tolerance is a risk factor for future stroke in a Japanese population.

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