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J Agric Food Chem. 2008 Feb 27;56(4):1224-32. doi: 10.1021/jf073016i. Epub 2008 Feb 2.

Oxygenation of arachidonoyl lysophospholipids by lipoxygenases from soybean, porcine leukocyte, or rabbit reticulocyte.

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College of Pharmacy and Department of Food and Nutrition, Chungnam National University, Taejon, Korea.


Oxygenation of arachidonoyl lysophosphatidylcholine (lysoPC) or arachidonoyl lysophosphatidic acid (lysoPA) by lipoxygenase (LOX) was examined. The oxidized products were identified by HPLC/UV spectrophotometry/mass spectrometry analyses. Straight-phase and chiral-phase HPLC analyses indicated that soybean LOX-1 and rabbit reticulocyte LOX oxygenated arachidonoyl lysophospholipids mainly at C-15 with the S form as major enantiomer, whereas porcine leukocyte LOX oxygenated at C-12 with the S form. Next, the sequential exposure of arachidonoyl-lysoPC to soybean LOX-1 and porcine leukocyte LOX afforded two major isomers of dihydroxy derivatives with conjugated triene structure, suggesting that 15(S)-hydroperoxyeicosatetraenoyl derivatives were converted to 8,15(S)-dihydroxyeicosatetraenoyl derivatives. Separately, arachidonoyl-lysoPA, but not arachidonoyl-lysoPC, was found to be susceptible to double oxygenation by soybean LOX-1 to generate a dihydroperoxyeicosatetraenoyl derivative. Overall, arachidonoyl lysophospholipids were more efficient than arachidonic acid as LOX substrate. Moreover, the catalytic efficiency of arachidonoyl-lysoPC as substrate of three lipoxygenases was much greater than that of arachidonoyl-lysoPA or arachidonic acid. Taken together, it is proposed that arachidonoyl-lysoPC or arachidonoyl-lysoPA is efficiently oxygenated by plant or animal lipoxygenases, C12- or C15-specific, to generate oxidized products with conjugated diene or triene structure.

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