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Gac Med Mex. 2007 Sep-Oct;143(5):391-400.

[Quantitative electroencephalogram analysis confirms the presence of frontal lobe deficit among attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity children].

[Article in Spanish]

Author information

1
Instituto de Neurociencias, Centro Universitario de Ciencias Biológicas y Agropecuarias, Universidad de Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Jal., México. hmadera@cucba.udg.mx

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

[corrected] The Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity (ADDH) Barkley model predicts concomitant deficits in working memory and in the development of a sense of time as a consequence of poor behavioral inhibition.

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate electrophysiologically Barkley's theory (1997).

SUBJECTS AND METHODS:

We studied the electroencephalogram (EEG) of fifteen right-handed, normal limit IQ ADDH children (inattentive subtype), aged 7-11 years, and a control group. Subjects were studied at rest, with the eyes open (RO) while performing a time estimation task (ET). Forty-two data matrices were analyzed in three conditions: RO, ET and ET-RO, to assess broad-band spectral parameters; the anteriority, temporal-referenced and laterality quotients (Aq, Aqt and Lq, respectively); and the theta/alpha and theta/beta ratios.

RESULTS:

Analyses of variance revealed significant differences for ES-RA, in absolute (Aq &Aqt) and relative powers (Aq). Discriminant function analysis was able to predict group membership with an accuracy over 80%, but it decreased slightly when the leave-one-out method was applied Linear discrimination based on right hemisphere Aqt values showed the highest discrimination accuracy.

CONCLUSIONS:

These results support Barkley's theory, suggesting further evaluation of the temporal-referenced anteriority quotient as a promising electrophysiological tool for the diagnosis and follow up of ADDH children.

PMID:
18246933
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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