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Int J Radiat Biol. 2008 Feb;84(2):107-25. doi: 10.1080/09553000701797039.

DNA double-strand break repair defects in syndromes associated with acute radiation response: at least two different assays to predict intrinsic radiosensitivity?

Author information

1
Inserm, U647, ID17, European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Grenoble, France.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Human diseases associated with acute radiation responses are rare genetic disorders with common clinical and biological features including radiosensitivity, genomic instability, chromosomal aberrations, and frequently immunodeficiency. To determine what molecular assays are predictive of cellular radiosensitivity whatever the genes mutations, the existence of a quantitative correlation between cellular radiosensitivity and unrepaired DNA double-strand breaks (DSB) repair defects was examined in a collection of 40 human fibroblasts representing 8 different syndromes.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

A number of techniques such as pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, plasmid assay and immunofluorescence with antibodies against MRE11, MDC1, 53BP1 and phosphorylated forms of H2AX, DNA-PK were applied systematically.

RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS:

Survival fraction at 2 Gy was found to be inversely proportional to the amount of unrepaired DSB, whatever the genes mutations and the assay applied. However, no single assay discriminates the full range of human radiosensitivity. Particularly, nuclear foci formed by the phosphorylation of H2AX do not predict well moderate radiosensitivities. Our findings suggest the existence of an ATM-dependent interplay between the activation of DNA-PK and MRE11. A classification of diseases according their cellular radiosensitivity, their molecular response to radiation and the functional assays permitting their evaluation is proposed.

PMID:
18246480
DOI:
10.1080/09553000701797039
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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