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Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2008 Mar;78(4):559-72. doi: 10.1007/s00253-008-1362-0. Epub 2008 Feb 2.

Diverse inhibitors of aflatoxin biosynthesis.

Author information

1
Department of Plant Biology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, USA.

Abstract

Pre-harvest and post-harvest contamination of maize, peanuts, cotton, and tree nuts by members of the genus Aspergillus and subsequent contamination with the mycotoxin aflatoxin pose a widespread food safety problem for which effective and inexpensive control strategies are lacking. Since the discovery of aflatoxin as a potently carcinogenic food contaminant, extensive research has been focused on identifying compounds that inhibit its biosynthesis. Numerous diverse compounds and extracts containing activity inhibitory to aflatoxin biosynthesis have been reported. Only recently, however, have tools been available to investigate the molecular mechanisms by which these inhibitors affect aflatoxin biosynthesis. Many inhibitors are plant-derived and a few may be amenable to pathway engineering for tissue-specific expression in susceptible host plants as a defense against aflatoxin contamination. Other compounds show promise as protectants during crop storage. Finally, inhibitors with different modes of action could be used in comparative transcriptional and metabolomic profiling experiments to identify regulatory networks controlling aflatoxin biosynthesis.

PMID:
18246345
DOI:
10.1007/s00253-008-1362-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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