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Genetics. 2008 Feb;178(2):675-91. doi: 10.1534/genetics.107.080879. Epub 2008 Feb 1.

Genetic interactions of the Aspergillus nidulans atmAATM homolog with different components of the DNA damage response pathway.

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1
Faculdade de Ciências de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo 14040-903, Brazil.

Abstract

Ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) is a phosphatidyl-3-kinase-related protein kinase that functions as a central regulator of the DNA damage response in eukaryotic cells. In humans, mutations in ATM cause the devastating neurodegenerative disease ataxia telangiectasia. Previously, we characterized the homolog of ATM (AtmA) in the filamentous fungus Aspergillus nidulans. In addition to its expected role in the DNA damage response, we found that AtmA is also required for polarized hyphal growth. Here, we extended these studies by investigating which components of the DNA damage response pathway are interacting with AtmA. The AtmA(ATM) loss of function caused synthetic lethality when combined with mutation in UvsB(ATR). Our results suggest that AtmA and UvsB are interacting and they are probably partially redundant in terms of DNA damage sensing and/or repairing and polar growth. We identified and inactivated A. nidulans chkA(CHK1) and chkB(CHK2) genes. These genes are also redundantly involved in A. nidulans DNA damage response. We constructed several combinations of double mutants for DeltaatmA, DeltauvsB, DeltachkA, and DeltachkB. We observed a complex genetic relationship with these mutations during the DNA replication checkpoint and DNA damage response. Finally, we observed epistatic and synergistic interactions between AtmA, and bimE(APC1), ankA(WEE1) and the cdc2-related kinase npkA, at S-phase checkpoint and in response to DNA-damaging agents.

PMID:
18245360
PMCID:
PMC2248346
DOI:
10.1534/genetics.107.080879
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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