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Thorax. 2008 Jun;63(6):532-5. doi: 10.1136/thx.2007.088757. Epub 2008 Feb 1.

Case-control study of acute renal failure in patients with cystic fibrosis in the UK.

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1
Division of Respiratory Medicine, Clinical Sciences Building, Nottingham City Hospital, Nottingham NG5 1PB, UK. alan.smyth@nottingham.ac.uk

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

There has been a recent increase in the number of reported cases of acute renal failure (ARF) in cystic fibrosis (CF). A case-control study was conducted to determine the factors which are associated with an increased risk of ARF.

METHODS:

24 cases of confirmed ARF were identified in patients with CF from 20 UK CF centres presenting between 1997 and 2004. Using the UK CF database, sex- and age-matched controls were identified. Risk factors were analysed by conditional logistic regression and Mantel-Haenszel analysis.

RESULTS:

21 of the 24 patients with ARF had received an aminoglycoside at the time of their episode of ARF or in the preceding week compared with only 3 of 42 controls during the same time period (OR 81.8, 95% CI 4.7 to 1427, p<0.001). In the year before the episode of ARF, significantly more cases than controls had received gentamicin (19/24 cases vs 1/42 controls, p<0.001). The numbers receiving tobramycin were similar (9/24 cases vs 16/42 controls, p = 0.9). A known risk factor for renal impairment (prior renal disease, acute dehydration or long-term treatment with a nephrotoxic drug) was present in 18/24 cases and 7/42 controls (OR 24.0, 95% CI 3.1 to 186.6, p = 0.002).

CONCLUSIONS:

In patients with CF the use of an intravenous aminoglycoside is a risk factor for ARF; gentamicin is more nephrotoxic than tobramycin. Most patients who develop ARF have a risk factor which necessitates withholding aminoglycosides or more closely monitoring their use.

PMID:
18245146
DOI:
10.1136/thx.2007.088757
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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