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J Cataract Refract Surg. 2008 Feb;34(2):238-42. doi: 10.1016/j.jcrs.2007.09.023.

Measurement of corneal curvature change after mechanical laser in situ keratomileusis flap creation and femtosecond laser flap creation.

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1
Vissum-Instituto Oftalmológico de Alicante, Alicante, Spain.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To compare the change in corneal curvature from the predicted surgical radius (sculpted in the corneal stroma) and the measured postoperative radius of the first surface of the cornea after laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) for myopia correction using 2 methods of flap creation: mechanical microkeratome and femtosecond laser.

SETTING:

Vissum-Instituto Oftalmológico de Alicante, Alicante, Spain.

METHODS:

This retrospective consecutive nonrandomized comparative interventional case series included 85 eyes with myopia or myopic astigmatism treated using the Esiris excimer laser (Schwind). Patients were divided into 2 groups. One group had LASIK with an M2 microkeratome (Moria) (mechanical LASIK group) and the other, with a femtosecond laser (IntraLase FS, IntraLase Corp.) (femtosecond LASIK group). The relationship between the postsurgical corneal radius and the predicted sculpted radius as well as the mean value of the percentage change in the curvature radius were analyzed to obtain the effect on the refractive defect in each group.

RESULTS:

There were 44 eyes in the mechanical LASIK group and 41 eyes in the femtosecond LASIK group. A high correlation was found between the final corneal radius and the predicted sculpted radius in both groups (r(2) = 0.85). The mean percentage change in the curvature radius was -3.6% in the mechanical LASIK group and -1.6% in the femtosecond LASIK group (P<.001). The mean estimated refractive change was 1.2 diopters (D) and 0.8 D, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS:

The refractive change in corneal curvature, which related to the biomechanical response of the corneal surface after the flap cut and repositioning, was lower after femtosecond laser LASIK than after LASIK performed using a mechanical microkeratome. Estimations of refractive change induced by this response should be taken into account in surgery design.

PMID:
18242446
DOI:
10.1016/j.jcrs.2007.09.023
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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