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Eur J Oncol Nurs. 2008 Apr;12(2):127-33. doi: 10.1016/j.ejon.2007.11.006. Epub 2008 Jan 31.

Factors associated with breast self-examination practices and beliefs in female workers at a Muslim community.

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Nursing Department, Samsun Health School, Ondokuz May University, Public Health Nursing, Turkey.


The purpose of this descriptive correlational study was to identify knowledge levels and performance frequency of breast self-examination (BSE) and to examine variables related to breast cancer screening behaviors in a sample of Turkish women. Data were collected from a convenience sample of 103 Muslim female workers at a hazelnut factory in Ordu city, Turkey, using an adapted version of Champion's revised Health Belief Model Scale. Results showed that 26.2% of the women reported knowledge of BSE and 4.3% reported that they perform BSE. Higher health motivation, higher perceived self-efficacy of BSE, marital status, and familial breast cancer history were significantly associated with BSE performance. Higher levels of health motivation and higher perceived self-efficacy of BSE were also significantly associated with knowledge of BSE.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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