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Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2008 Mar;29(3):271-4. doi: 10.1086/528812.

Vancomycin-resistant enterococci in Canada: results from the Canadian nosocomial infection surveillance program, 1999-2005.

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Centre for Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.


Surveillance for vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) in sentinel Canadian hospitals has been conducted since 1999. From 1999 to 2005, the rate of VRE detection increased from 0.37 to 1.32 cases per 1,000 patients admitted, and the rate of VRE infection increased from 0.02 to 0.05 cases per 1,000 patients admitted. Thirty-three percent of all patients with VRE detected that were reported during 1999-2005 were identified in 2005, with increases seen in all regions of Canada. Although the incidence rate of VRE carriage in Canada is increasing, it remains very low.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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