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Arch Suicide Res. 2008;12(1):50-61. doi: 10.1080/13811110701800830.

Relationships between suicide risk, traumatic experiences, and substance use among juvenile detainees.

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State of Connecticut Judicial Branch, Court Support Services Division, Westerfield, CT 06109, USA.


Youth suicide ideation in juvenile justice settings is a phenomenon with multiple determinants. This article examines relationships among determinants of suicidal ideation utilizing various screening instruments. Consecutive youth admitted to detention in Connecticut (N = 757) completed the Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument 2 (MAYSI-2), the Suicidal Ideation Questionnaire (SIQ), measures of substance use, and risk and protective factors for violence during intake screening. In bivariate and multivariate analyses (controlling for demographic and MAYSI-2 sub-scale scores), relationships were found between the Traumatic Experiences and Alcohol and Drug Use subscales of the MAYSI-2 and the SIQ. The potential impact of traumatic stress and substance use symptoms in understanding and detecting youths who are at risk for suicide is discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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