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Eur J Drug Metab Pharmacokinet. 1991 Oct-Dec;16(4):305-13.

Metabolism of cannabidiol by the rat.

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University Department of Pharmacology, Oxford, UK.


Metabolites of CBD excreted into the bile and perfusion fluid were examined in a rat liver perfusion preparation. Metabolites were extracted with ethyl acetate and identified by GC/MS as TMS derivatives. Four mono- and five di-hydroxy metabolites were identified with major sites of metabolic attack being at C-7 and C-4". A hydroxy-ketone was detected but not fully identified. All biliary metabolites were conjugated with glucuronic acid. Urinary metabolites were studied in rats with samples taken at times to 25 h after drug administration. Unmetabolized CBD and 13 metabolites were identified by GC/MS. Major metabolites were acids with beta-oxidation being a prominent pathway. The 6- and 7-hydroxy derivatives of 4",5"-bis,nor-CBD-3"-oic acid were the most abundant compounds but substantial concentrations of the di-acids, CBD-5",7-dioic acid and 4",5"-bis,nor-CBD-3",7-dioic acid were present. Concentrations of the more highly oxidized metabolites increased with time.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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