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Eur J Cell Biol. 2008 Apr;87(4):211-26. doi: 10.1016/j.ejcb.2007.12.001. Epub 2008 Jan 30.

Trafficking of the microdomain scaffolding protein reggie-1/flotillin-2.

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Department of Biology, University of Konstanz, Universitätsstrasse 10, D-78457 Konstanz, Germany.


The reggie/flotillin proteins oligomerize and associate into clusters which form scaffolds for membrane microdomains. Besides their localization at the plasma membrane, the reggies/flotillins reside at various intracellular compartments; however, the trafficking pathways used by reggie-1/flotillin-2 remain unclear. Here, we show that trafficking of reggie-1/flotillin-2 is BFA sensitive and that deletion mutants of reggie-1/flotillin-2 accumulate in the Golgi complex in HeLa, Jurkat and PC12 cells, suggesting Golgi-dependent trafficking of reggie-1/flotillin-2. Using total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy, we observed fast cycling of reggie-1/flotillin-2-positive vesicles at the plasma membrane, which engaged in transient interactions with the plasma membrane only. Reggie-1/flotillin-2 cycling was independent of clathrin, but was inhibited by cholesterol depletion and microtubule disruption. Cycling of reggie-1/flotillin-2 was negatively correlated with cell-cell contact formation but was stimulated by serum, epidermal growth factor and by cholesterol loading mediated by low density lipoproteins. However, reggie-1/flotillin-2 was neither involved in endocytosis of the epidermal growth factor itself nor in endocytosis of GPI-GFPs or the GPI-anchored cellular prion protein (PrP(c)). Reggie-2/flotillin-1 and stomatin-1 also exhibited cycling at the plasma membrane similar to reggie-1/flotillin-2, but these vesicles and microdomains only partially co-localized with reggie-2/flotillin-1. Thus, regulated vesicular cycling might be a general feature of SPFH protein-dependent trafficking.

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