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Cytotherapy. 2007;9(1):23-34. doi: 10.1080/14653240601048369.

Tumor endothelial marker 8 enhances tumor immunity in conjunction with immunization against differentiation Ag.

Author information

1
Swim Across America Laboratory of Tumor Immunology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

We have previously shown that xenogeneic DNA vaccines encoding rat neu and melanosomal differentiation Ag induce tumor immunity. Others have developed vaccines targeting tumor neovasculature. Tumor endothelial marker 8 (TEM8) is expressed in the neovasculature of human tumors, and in the mouse melanoma B16, but its expression is limited in normal adult tissues. We describe a DNA vaccine combining xenogeneic tumor Ag and TEM8.

METHODS:

In-situ hybridization was used to detect TEM8 RNA in mouse tumors. Mice transgenic for the rat neu proto-oncogene were immunized with DNA vaccines encoding TEM8 and the extracellular domain of rat neu and challenged with the 233-VSGA1 breast cancer cell line. In parallel experiments, C57BL/6 mice were immunized with TEM8 and human tyrosinase-related protein 1 (hTYRP1/hgp75) and challenged with B16F10 melanoma.

RESULTS:

TEM8 was expressed in the stroma of transplantable mouse breast and melanoma tumors. In both model systems, TEM8 DNA had no activity as a single agent but significantly enhanced the anti-tumor immunity of neu and hTYRP1/hgp75 DNA vaccines when given in concert. The observed synergy was dependent upon CD8+ T cells, as depletion of this cell population just prior to tumor challenge obviated the effect of the TEM8 vaccine in both tumor models.

DISCUSSION:

A local immune response to TEM8 may increase inflammation or tumor necrosis within the tumor, resulting in improved Ag presentation of HER2/neu and hTYRP1/hgp75. Alternatively, TEM8 expression in host APC may alter T-cell interactions or homing. In this way, TEM8 may act more as an adjuvant than an immunologic target.

PMID:
18236207
DOI:
10.1080/14653240601048369
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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