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Cancer Lett. 2008 Apr 18;262(2):265-75. doi: 10.1016/j.canlet.2007.12.012. Epub 2008 Jan 30.

Protein tyrosine phosphatase inhibition induces anti-tumor activity: evidence of Cdk2/p27 kip1 and Cdk2/SHP-1 complex formation in human ovarian cancer cells.

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Department of Pediatrics, CRCHUL (CHUQ) Research Centre and Faculty of Medicine, Pediatric Research Unit, Laval University, 2705 Boulevard Laurier, RC-9800, Que., Canada.


The protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) superfamily of enzymes functions with protein tyrosine kinases to regulate a broad spectrum of fundamental physiological processes. Addition of the PTP inhibitor potassium bisperoxo(1,10-phenanthroline)oxo-vanadate(V) [bpV(phen)] to the culture medium of human ovarian cancer cells (OVCAR-3) resulted in a dose-dependent decrease in the formation of tumors in a 3-D culture system. An evaluation of the potency of bpV(phen) in vivo confirmed the anti-tumor activity. Further study of the mechanism of action revealed a 40% decrease in Cdk2 kinase activity, an elevated level of Cdk2/p27(kip1), and the appearance of Cdk2/SHP-1 complexes. Therefore, a cytostatic dose of a PTP inhibitor increases the intracellular levels of Cdk2/p27(kip) and Cdk2/SHP-1 complexes, which indicate the presence of additional mechanisms underlying the anti-tumor activity.

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