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J Neurooncol. 1991 Dec;11(3):225-34.

Flow cytometric analysis of antineoplastic effects of interferon-alpha, beta and gamma labelled with fluorescein isothiocyanate on cultured brain tumors.

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Department of Neurosurgery, Kansai Medical University, Moriguchi, Japan.


Antineoplastic effects of interferons (IFNs) on brain tumors have often been reported in the literature, however, so far as we know, there are no reports of the study on the antineoplastic effect of IFNs (alpha, beta, and gamma) labelled with fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) using flow cytometry (FCM). Three established glioma cell lines and 11 cultured cells of brain tumor from surgical specimens were exposed to IFN-alpha, beta, and gamma at the concentrations of 10(2)-10(5) IU/ml for 24 h, respectively. Using FCM, the viability of the cells was evaluated with fluorescein diacetate stain and the cell cycle was analyzed from the DNA-histogram with propidium iodide stain. Furthermore, FITC-labelled IFN-alpha, beta and gamma were also contacted with each cell to calculate respective positive cells. The viability decreased about 60% on day 1 and day 3, indicating the effect of IFN-alpha and beta on U373MG cells and on some cultured glioma cells from surgical materials, whereas, IFN-gamma had no effects. Antineoplastic effect of each IFN well correlated with FITC-positive rates, demonstrating S phase block in the cell cycle. IFN-gamma had no antineoplastic effects, whereas IFN-alpha and beta showed antineoplastic effects, which fact suggested that IFN-gamma receptor be different from those of IFN-alpha and beta. The method of FITC-labelling for IFNs with the aid of FCM has the advantages as follows: 1) Antineoplasticity of IFN can be simply evaluated with FCM; 2) It is easy to analyze the action mechanism of IFN; 3) Information on the receptor is obtainable; and 4) Sensitivity can be evaluated prior to administration of IFN, suggesting possibilities of clinical application of this method.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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