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Phys Rev Lett. 2008 Jan 25;100(3):033903. Epub 2008 Jan 25.

Experimental verification of epsilon-near-zero metamaterial coupling and energy squeezing using a microwave waveguide.

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1
Department of Electrical and Systems Engineering, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.

Abstract

Utilizing a microwave setup, we experimentally verify our recently developed theory of energy squeezing and tunneling [Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 157403 (2006)10.1103/PhysRevLett.97.157403] through an ultranarrow waveguide channel that mimics zero-permittivity properties. Exploiting the infinite phase velocity supported by a waveguide transition section at cutoff, we test our theory of tunneling in this zero-permittivity region without use of resonant inclusions. This "supercoupling" is shown to have unique anomalous properties: an almost uniform phase along the narrow channel and weak dependence over its geometry.

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