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Gastrointest Endosc. 2008 Feb;67(2):210-6. doi: 10.1016/j.gie.2007.06.009.

Correlation between narrow band imaging and nonneoplastic gastric pathology: a pilot feasibility trial.

Author information

1
Department of Gastroenterology and Pathology, University of Kansas School of Medicine, Kansas City, Missouri, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

A novel narrow band imaging (NBI) system is able to visualize the mucosal and vascular network in the GI tract.

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of the current study was to test the feasibility of NBI to predict gastric histologic diagnosis.

DESIGN:

A pilot feasibility study.

SETTING:

Veterans Affairs Medical Center.

PATIENTS:

Forty-seven patients undergoing upper endoscopy for various indications were prospectively enrolled.

METHODS:

The gastric body and antrum were systematically examined by NBI before targeted biopsies. Images were graded according to the mucosal (ridge/villous and circular) and vascular patterns and correlated with histologic findings in a blinded manner.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS:

Final histologic diagnosis based on updated Sydney classification system.

RESULTS:

Overall, 25 patients (53.1%) had a normal biopsy specimen, 13 (27.6%) had non-Helicobacter pylori gastritis, 4 (8.5%) had H pylori gastritis, and 5 (10.6%) had intestinal metaplasia. The sensitivity, specificity, and positive predictive value of a regular mucosal and vascular pattern for the diagnosis of normal mucosa/mild gastritis were 89%, 78%, and 94%, respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of an irregular pattern with decreased density of vessels for the diagnosis of H pylori were 75% and 88%, and that of the ridge/villous pattern for the diagnosis of intestinal metaplasia were 80% and 100%, respectively.

LIMITATION:

The small number of patients with H pylori and intestinal metaplasia was the main limitation.

CONCLUSIONS:

This is the first U.S. study of NBI for gastric lesions. NBI may help predict in vivo histologic diagnosis of gastric pathologic conditions with a good degree of accuracy. Future larger studies are needed.

Comment in

PMID:
18226682
DOI:
10.1016/j.gie.2007.06.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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