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Trends Parasitol. 2008 Feb;24(2):74-84. doi: 10.1016/j.pt.2007.12.002. Epub 2008 Jan 15.

Apical membrane antigen 1: a malaria vaccine candidate in review.

Author information

1
Department of Parasitology, Biomedical Primate Research Centre, 2280 GH Rijswijk, The Netherlands.

Abstract

Apical membrane antigen 1 (AMA1) is a micronemal protein of apicomplexan parasites that appears to be essential during the invasion of host cells. Immune responses to Plasmodium AMA1 can have profound parasite-inhibitory effects, both as measured in vitro and in animal challenge models, suggesting AMA1 as a potential vaccine component. However, AMA1 is polymorphic, probably as a result of immune selection operating on an important target of naturally occurring immunity. The current understanding of AMA1 will be presented, particularly in relation to the vaccine potential of AMA1 and the approaches being taken towards clinical development.

PMID:
18226584
DOI:
10.1016/j.pt.2007.12.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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