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J Hazard Mater. 2008 Jul 15;155(3):507-12. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2007.11.093. Epub 2007 Nov 29.

Evaluation of untreated coffee husks as potential biosorbents for treatment of dye contaminated waters.

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1
Departamento de Engenharia Química, UFMG, R. Espírito Santo, 35-sexto andar, 30160-030 Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.

Abstract

The objective of this work was to propose an alternative use for coffee husks (CH), a coffee processing residue, as untreated sorbents for the removal of methylene blue (MB) from aqueous solutions. The effects of solution temperature, pH, biosorbent dosage and contact time on MB removal were investigated. The experimental adsorption equilibrium data were fitted to both Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption models. The biosorption kinetics was determined by fitting first and second-order kinetic models to the experimental data, with the second-order model providing the best description of MB adsorption onto coffee husks. pH variations did not present a significant effect on MB removal. Evaluation of thermodynamics parameters indicated that the adsorption is spontaneous and endothermic. The experimental data obtained in the present study demonstrated coffee husks to be suitable candidates for use as biosorbents in the removal of cationic dyes.

PMID:
18226444
DOI:
10.1016/j.jhazmat.2007.11.093
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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