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Ann Thorac Surg. 2008 Feb;85(2):438-44; discussion 444. doi: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2007.04.122.

Robotic mitral valve repair for anterior leaflet and bileaflet prolapse.

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1
Division of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina 27858, USA. rodrigueze@ecu.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Centers have expanded indications for robotic mitral valve repairs to include complex pathologic features. We studied our results after robotic mitral valve repair for anterior leaflet or bileaflet prolapse.

METHODS:

Data were collected contemporaneously on 289 patients operated on from May 2000 to September 2006. Every patient underwent preoperative transesophageal echocardiography. Follow-up consisted of serial echocardiograms, clinic visits, and phone conversations with patients and their physicians.

RESULTS:

A total of 66 patients (anterior leaflet, n = 14; and bileaflet, n = 52) were identified. Mean age was 52.6 +/- 7.1 years, and 57 (86%) patients had New York Heart Association functional class II or III symptoms. Cardiopulmonary bypass and cross-clamp times were 171 +/- 52 and 132 +/- 39 minutes, respectively. The 30-day and late mortality rates were 3% (n = 2) for each time point. There were no device-related or perfusion-related complications or sternotomy conversions. Complications included 2 strokes (3%), 2 bleeding reexplorations (3%), and 10 pleural effusions requiring intervention (15%). The length of hospital stay for surviving patients was 5 +/- 3 days, and time to extubation averaged 9.5 +/- 13 hours. A total of 6 (9%) patients required valve reoperation. Mean follow-up was 795 +/- 495 days, and echocardiographic mitral regurgitation (n = 60) was none or trace (n = 35, 58.3%), mild (n = 19, 31.6%), moderate (n = 2, 3.3%), and severe (n = 4, 6.7%).

CONCLUSIONS:

Robotic mitral valve repair for anterior leaflet and bileaflet prolapse is feasible and safe. Outcomes and degree of late mitral regurgitation are similar to series using conventional techniques. Long-term follow-up is required to formally address the efficacy of robotic repair techniques.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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