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Parasite Immunol. 2008 May;30(5):271-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3024.2007.01019.x. Epub 2008 Jan 22.

Identification of antigenic proteins from Echinostoma caproni (Trematoda) recognized by mouse immunoglobulins M, A and G using an immunoproteomic approach.

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Departamento de ParasitologĂ­a, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad de Valencia, Valencia, Spain.


Antigenic proteins of Echinostoma caproni (Trematoda) against mouse IgM, IgA, IgG, IgG1 and IgG2a were investigated by immunoproteomics. Excretory/secretory products (ESP) of E. caproni separated by two-dimensional (2D) gel electrophoresis were transferred to nitrocellulose membranes and probed with the different mouse immunoglobulin classes. A total of four proteins (enolase, 70 kDa heat-shock protein (HSP-70), actin and aldolase) were accurately identified. Enolase was recognized in eight different spots of which seven of them were detected in the expected molecular weight and were recognized by IgA, IgG or IgG and IgG1. Another spot identified as enolase at 72 kDa was only recognized by IgM. Digestion with N-glycosidase F of the 72 kDa band rendered a polypeptide with an apparent molecular weight similar to that expected for enolase recognized by Western immunoblotting using anti-enolase antibodies. This suggests that glycosylated forms of enolase may be involved in the early thymus-independent responses against E. caproni. Early IgM responses were also generated by actin and the HSP-70 which suggests that these proteins are exposed early to the host and may be of importance in the parasite establishment. The IgA responses also appear to be mediated by the HSP-70 and aldolase which could be related with the close contact of these proteins with the host mucosal surface after secretion.

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