Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information

Registered and investigational drugs for the treatment of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection.

Author information

  • 1Divisione di Malattie Infettive, Istituti Ospitalieri di Cremona, Cremona, Italy. pan@tiscali.it

Abstract

First isolated in the 1960s methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has become a leading hospital acquired (HA) pathogen, although community acquired isolates (CA-MRSA) are on the rise, particularly in the USA. Treatment of serious MRSA infections has been based for many years upon the use of glycopeptides, i.e. vancomycin and teicoplanin. Other drugs indicated in particular clinical settings, such as prosthetic valve endocarditis or osteomyelitis, are rifampin, gentamycin, fusidic acid, minocycline, co-trimoxazole, clindamycin. Quinolones and doxycycline may be active on some MRSA isolates, and add some this important clinical setting. In the last few years new anti-MRSA drugs have been registered and patented, expanding therapeutic opportunities, i.e. linezolid, the first oxazolidinone, available both as oral and parenteral formulation in being the most widely used new anti-MRSA agent, quinupristin-dalfopristin, daptomycin, a novel lipopeptide, active on germs both in the replicating and in the resting phase, and tigecycline, the first approved glycylcycline. Other drugs from different classes are in the pipeline and will further enhance in the next few years our therapeutic armamentarium: three glycopeptides, i.e. dalbavancin, telavancin, and oritavancin, two broad spectrum cephalosporins, ceftobiprole and ceftaroline, iclaprim, a diaminopyrimidine, as well as a carbapenem, CS-023/RO-4908463, and adjuvant therapies such as the monoclonal antibody tefibazumab.

PMID:
18221183
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for Bentham Science Publishers Ltd.
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk