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Curr Drug Metab. 2008 Jan;9(1):77-82.

Metabolic pathways of T-2 toxin.

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  • 1Department of Toxicology, Faculty of Military Health Sciences, 500 01 Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic. dohnal@mendelu.cz

Abstract

Among the naturally-occurring trichothecenes found in food and feed, T-2 toxin is the most potent and toxic mycotoxin. After ingestion of T-2 toxin into the organism, it is processed and eliminated. Some metabolites of this trichothecene are equally toxic or slightly more toxic than T-2 itself, and therefore, the metabolic fate of T-2 toxin has been of great concern. The main reactions in trichothecene metabolism are hydrolysis, hydroxylation and deep oxidation. Typical metabolites of T-2 toxin in an organism are HT-2 toxin, T-2-triol, T-2-tetraol, 3'-hydroxy-T-2, and 3'-hydroxy-HT-2 toxin. There are significant differences in the metabolic pathways of T-2 toxin between ruminants and non-ruminants. Ruminants have been more resistant to the adverse effects of T-2 toxin due to microbial degradation within rumen microorganisms. Some plant species are resistant to T-2 toxin, while others are capable of its intake and metabolisation.

PMID:
18220574
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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