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Biochemistry. 2008 Feb 19;47(7):2190-8. doi: 10.1021/bi7021552. Epub 2008 Jan 24.

Coupling of cholesterol-rich lipid phases in asymmetric bilayers.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular Physiology and Biological Physics, University of Virginia, 1340 Jefferson Park Avenue, Charlottesville, Virginia 22903, USA.

Abstract

We showed previously that cholesterol-rich liquid-ordered domains with lipid compositions typically found in the outer leaflet of plasma membranes induce liquid-ordered domains in adjacent regions of asymmetric lipid bilayers with apposed leaflets composed of typical inner leaflet lipid mixtures [Kiessling, V., Crane, J. M., and Tamm, L. K. (2006) Biophys. J. 91, 3313-26]. To further examine the nature of transbilayer couplings in asymmetric cholesterol-rich lipid bilayers, the effects on the lipid phase behavior in asymmetric bilayers of different lipid compositions were investigated. We established systems containing several combinations of natural extracted and synthetic lipids that exhibited coexisting liquid-ordered (lo) and liquid-disordered (ld) domains in a supported bilayer format. We find that lo phase domains are induced in all quaternary inner leaflet combinations composed of PCs, PEs, PSs, and cholesterol. Ternary mixtures of PCs/PEs/Chol, PCs/PSs/Chol also exhibit lo phases adjacent to outer leaflet lo phases. However, with the exception of brain PC extracts, binary PC/Chol mixtures are not induced to form lo phases by adjacent outer leaflet lo phases. Higher melting lipid ad-mixtures of PEs and PSs are needed for lo phase induction in the inner leaflet. It appears that the phase behavior of the inner leaflet mixtures is dominated by the intrinsic chain melting temperatures of the lipid components, rather than by their specific headgroup classes. In addition, similar studies with synthetic, completely saturated lipids and cholesterol show that lipid oxidation is not a factor in the observed phase behavior.

PMID:
18215072
DOI:
10.1021/bi7021552
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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