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BMC Cell Biol. 2008 Jan 22;9:3. doi: 10.1186/1471-2121-9-3.

Mutational analysis of betaCOP (Sec26p) identifies an appendage domain critical for function.

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1
Graduate Program in Comparative Biomedical Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca NY 14853, USA. cjd37@cornell.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The appendage domain of the gammaCOP subunit of the COPI vesicle coat bears a striking structural resemblance to adaptin-family appendages despite limited primary sequence homology. Both the gammaCOP appendage domain and an equivalent region on betaCOP contain the FxxxW motif; the conservation of this motif suggested the existence of a functional appendage domain in betaCOP.

RESULTS:

Sequence comparisons in combination with structural prediction tools show that the fold of the COOH-terminus of Sec26p is strongly predicted to closely mimic that of adaptin-family appendages. Deletion of the appendage domain of Sec26p results in inviability in yeast, over-expression of the deletion construct is dominant negative and mutagenesis of this region identifies residues critical for function. The ArfGAP Glo3p was identified via suppression screening as a potential downstream modulator of Sec26p in a manner that is independent of the GAP activity of Glo3p but requires the presence of the COOH-terminal ISS motifs.

CONCLUSION:

Together, these results indicate an essential function for the predicted betaCOP appendage and suggest that both COPI appendages perform a biologically active regulatory role with a structure related to adaptin-family appendage domains.

PMID:
18211691
PMCID:
PMC2262067
DOI:
10.1186/1471-2121-9-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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