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J Appl Psychol. 2008 Jan;93(1):35-47. doi: 10.1037/0021-9010.93.1.35.

Self-efficacy and resource allocation: support for a nonmonotonic, discontinuous model.

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Department of Psychology, Ohio University, Atnes, OH 45701, USA.


Self-regulation theories are paving the way to integrating motivational theories of behavior. However, a review of the motivation literature reveals several possible relationships between self-efficacy and motivation. Past findings were reduced to 4 empirical models, which were compared within a single study using undergraduates playing a computer task. The effects of 2 manipulations of self-efficacy on resource allocation decisions were assessed. Consistent with a multiple goal process conceptualization, self-efficacy was found to relate positively to directing resources toward a goal but negatively to the magnitude of resources allocated for accepted goals. Differences in methods are used to reconcile current and past findings.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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