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Clin Drug Investig. 2008;28(2):129-38.

Multiple-dose pharmacokinetics of apricitabine, a novel nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor, in patients with HIV-1 infection.

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Fundación Huésped, Buenos Aires, Argentina.



This study aimed to investigate the multiple-dose pharmacokinetics of apricitabine, a novel deoxycytidine analogue reverse transcriptase inhibitor, in antiretroviral-naive patients with HIV-1 infection.


This was an international, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicentre, dose-ranging study. Patients received 10 days' oral placebo or apricitabine 200, 400, 600 or 800 mg twice daily or 800 or 1200 mg once daily. On days 1 and 8, blood and urine samples were collected over 24 hours for pharmacokinetic analysis. Apricitabine triphosphate pharmacokinetics were investigated in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) on day 8.


Overall, 63 patients (mean age 33.9 +/- 8.7 years; mean weight 71.6 +/- 15.4 kg) were randomized, and 62 patients completed the study. Apricitabine was rapidly absorbed, with peak plasma concentrations attained within approximately 1.5-2.5 hours. Pharmacokinetics were linear over the range 200-800 mg twice daily. Apricitabine was predominantly excreted via the kidneys, with no significant accumulation during repeated administration. Steady-state conditions were attained by day 8. Apricitabine triphosphate exposure in PBMCs was roughly proportional to the dose of apricitabine across the dose range 200-800 mg twice daily, with adequate correlations between plasma exposure to apricitabine (9910 ng/mL per 65 kg for 800-mg twice-daily administration) and PBMC exposure to apricitabine triphosphate (maximum concentration [C(max)] = 5.55 +/- 1.94 pmol/million cells for 800-mg twice-daily administration). Apri-citabine was well tolerated.


Apricitabine shows essentially linear pharmacokinetics during repeated administration in patients with HIV-1 infection.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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