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J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 2008 Jan;51(1):45-54. doi: 10.1097/FJC.0b013e31815ab4b6.

Antiplatelet activity of epigallocatechin gallate is mediated by the inhibition of PLCgamma2 phosphorylation, elevation of PGD2 production, and maintaining calcium-ATPase activity.

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Research Institute of Veterinary Medicine, Research Center for Bioresource and Health, Chungbuk National University, Chungbuk, Cheongju, Korea.


We have previously reported that green tea catechins displayed a potent antithrombotic effect by inhibition of platelet aggregation. In the present study, the antiplatelet and antithrombotic activities of epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), the major catechin derived from green tea, were extensively investigated. EGCG inhibited arterial thrombus formation and U46619-, collagen-, and arachidonic acid (AA)-induced washed rabbit platelet aggregation in a concentration-dependent manner, with IC50 values of 61 +/- 3, 85 +/- 4, and 99 +/- 4 microM, respectively. In line with the inhibition of collagen-induced platelet aggregation, EGCG revealed blocking of the collagen-mediated phospholipase (PL) Cgamma2 and protein tyrosine phosphorylation, and it caused concentration-dependent decreases of cytosolic calcium mobilization, AA liberation, and serotonin secretion. In addition, the platelet aggregation, intracellular Ca2+ mobilization, and protein tyrosine phosphorylation induced by thapsigargin, a Ca2(+)-ATPase pump inhibitor, were completely blocked by EGCG. Contrary to the inhibition of AA-induced platelet aggregation, EGCG failed to inhibit cyclooxygenase and thromboxane (TX) A2 synthase activities, but it concentration-dependently elevated AA-mediated PGD2 formation. In contrast, epigallocatechin (EGC), a structural analogue of EGCG lacking a galloyl group in the 3' position, slightly inhibited collagen-stimulated cytosolic calcium mobilization, but failed to affect other signal transductions as did EGCG in activated platelets and arterial thrombus formation. These results suggest that antiplatelet activity of EGCG may be attributable to its modulation of multiple cellular targets, such as inhibitions of PLCgamma2, protein tyrosine phosphorylation and AA liberation, and elevation of cellular PGD2 levels, as well as maintaining Ca2(+)-ATPase activity, which may underlie its beneficial effect on the atherothrombotic diseases.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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