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J Chromatogr A. 2008 Feb 22;1182(1):119-27. doi: 10.1016/j.chroma.2007.12.075. Epub 2008 Jan 6.

Binary ionic liquid mixtures as gas chromatography stationary phases for improving the separation selectivity of alcohols and aromatic compounds.

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Department of Chemistry, The University of Toledo, 2801 W. Bancroft Street, MS 602, Toledo, OH 43606, USA.


Binary mixtures of two ionic liquids (ILs), 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride (BMIM-Cl) and 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bis[(trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl]imide (BMIM-NTf2), have been studied for the first time as gas chromatographic stationary phases. The two ILs differ only in the nature of the associated anion. The solvation parameter model was used to examine the change of solvation interactions with the IL stationary phase composition. The hydrogen bond basicity increased linearly as the stationary phase was enriched with the BMIM-Cl IL. The retention factor of short-chained alcohols increased by as much as 1100% when performing the separation on a column containing an IL mixture of 25% BMIM-NTf2/75% BMIM-Cl compared to that of the neat BMIM-NTf2 IL column. By tuning the composition of the IL-stationary phase, the separation selectivity and resolution factors of alcohols and aromatic compounds were improved. A reversal of elution order was observed for specific classes of analytes with enhancements in the stationary phase hydrogen bond basicity.

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