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Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2007 Sep;41(5):375-9.

[Experimental study on the chitosan-DNA vaccines against campylobacter jejuni invasion].

[Article in Chinese]

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, Children's Hospital, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The immunogenicity and protective efficacy of an experimental Campylobacter jejuni (C. jejuni) chitosan-DNA vaccines were evaluated in mice.

METHODS:

The chitosan-DNA vaccines were prepared by embedding pcDNA3.1(+)-cadF and pcDNA3.1(+)-peblA with chitosan respectively. BALB/c mice were intranasally immunized in a four-dose primary series (7 d intervals) at doses of 60 microg chitosan-DNA vaccines each time. The comparative immunogenicities of nine formulations were assessed on the basis of the generation of antigen-specific antibodies in serum and intestinal secretions. Mice were attacked repeatedly through intragastric administration of C. jejuni HS:19 at the 8th week after the immunization and protective efficacy was determined by detecting the degrees of protection afforded against C. jejuni invaded.

RESULTS:

The mice immunized with chitosan-DNA vaccines have generated high levels of IgA and IgG from the sera and IgA from the intestinal secretions and the P/N value went up to 20.58, 30.13 and 6.87 respectively. Meanwhile, the expression of intestinal SIgA increased correspondingly. Moreover the chitosan-DNA vaccines induced strongest level of protection in BALB/c mice against challenge with C. jejuni HS:19 strain and the protective efficacies was 93.70.

CONCLUSION:

The results of this study indicate that the chitosan-DNA vaccines could induce significant protective immunity against C. jejuni challenge in the mice model.

PMID:
18206008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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