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Appl Opt. 2008 Jan 20;47(3):377-85.

Flexible three-dimensional measurement technique based on a digital light processing projector.

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Research Institute of Automation, Southeast University, Nanjing, China.


A new method of 3D measurement based on a digital light processing (DLP) projector is presented. The projection model of the DLP projector is analyzed, and the relationship between the fringe patterns of the DLP and the fringe strips projected into the 3D space is proposed. Then the 3D shape of the object can be obtained by this relationship. Meanwhile a calibration method for this model is presented. Using this calibration method, parameters of the model can be obtained by a calibration plate, and there is no requirement for the plate to move precisely. This new 3D shape measurement method does not require any restrictions as that in the classical methods. The camera and projector can be put in an arbitrary position, and it is unnecessary to arrange the system layout in parallel, vertical, or other stringent geometry conditions. The experiments show that this method is flexible and is easy to carry out. The system calibration can be finished quickly, and the system is applicable to many shape measurement tasks.

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