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Mol Endocrinol. 2008 Apr;22(4):881-92. doi: 10.1210/me.2007-0225. Epub 2008 Jan 17.

Aldosterone regulates rapid trafficking of epithelial sodium channel subunits in renal cortical collecting duct cells via protein kinase D activation.

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Department of Molecular Medicine, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland Education and Research Centre, Smurfit Building, Beaumont Hospital, Dublin 9, Ireland.


Aldosterone elicits rapid physiological responses in target tissues such as the distal nephron through the stimulation of cell signaling cascades. We identified protein kinase D (PKD1) as an early signaling response to aldosterone treatment in the M1-cortical collecting duct (M1-CCD) cell line. PKD1 activation was blocked by the PKC inhibitor chelerythrine chloride and by rottlerin, a specific inhibitor of PKCdelta. The activation of PKCdelta and PKCepsilon coincided with PKD1 activation and while a complex was formed between PKD1 and PKCepsilon after aldosterone treatment, there was a concurrent reduction in PKD1 association with PKCdelta. A stable PKD1 knockdown M1-CCD-derrived clone was developed in which PKD1 expression was 90% suppressed by gene silencing with a PKD1-specific siRNA. The effect of aldosterone treatment on the subcellular distribution of enhanced cyan fluorescent protein (eCFP)-tagged epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) subunits in wild type (WT) and PKD1 suppressed cells was examined using confocal microscopy. In an untreated confluent monolayer of M1-CCD cells, alpha, beta, and gamma ENaC subunits were evenly distributed throughout the cytoplasm of WT and PKD1-suppressed cells. After 2 min treatment, aldosterone stimulated the localization of each of the ENaC subunits to discrete regions within the cytoplasm of WT cells. The translocation of eCFP-ENaC subunits in WT cells was inhibited by rottlerin and the mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) antagonist spironolactone. No subcellular translocation of eCFP-ENaC subunits was observed in PKD1-suppressed cells treated with aldosterone. These data demonstrate the involvement of a novel MR/PKCdelta /PKD1 signaling cascade in the earliest ENaC subunit intracellular trafficking events that follow aldosterone treatment.

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