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Glycobiology. 1991 Sep;1(4):425-33.

Characterization of O-linked oligosaccharide biosynthesis in cultured cells using paranitrophenyl alpha-D-GalNAc as an acceptor.

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Samuel Lunenfeld Research Institute, Mt. Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.


Aryl-N-acetyl-alpha-galactosaminides (aryl-GalNAc) are acceptor substrates for UDP-Gal:alpha-GalNAc beta 1-3 galactosyltransferase and, in vivo, aryl-GalNAc have been shown to inhibit O-linked oligosaccharide biosynthesis (Kuan et al., J. Biol. Chem. 264, 19271, 1989). Since aryl-GalNAc, appears to enter viable cells and serve as an acceptor for O-glycosylation enzymes, the recovery and characterization of the aryl-oligosaccharides from cell culture medium may reflect cellular pattems of O-glycosylation. To pursue this possibility, the following paranitrophenyl-linked oligosaccharide standards were enzymatically synthesized and characterized by 1H-NMR: Gal beta 1-3(GlcNAc beta 1-6)Gal-NAc alpha-pNp; Gal beta 1-3(Gal beta 1-4GlcNAc beta 1-6)GalNAc alpha-pNp; SA alpha 2-3Gal beta 1-3(SA alpha 2-3Gal beta 1-4GlcNAc,beta 1-6)GalNAc alpha-pNp; SA alpha 2-3Gal beta 1-3GalNAc alpha-pNp. As a model system, MDAY-D2 lymphoid tumour cells were cultured for various periods in medium containing 2 mM GalNAc alpha-pNp. The secreted aryl-oligosaccharides were separated by Biogel P2 chromatography and DEAE HPLC, followed by further fractionation of the disialyl oligosaccharides on an Ultrahydrogel HPLC column. Absorbance of the paranitrophenyl aryl constituent at 303 nm allowed detection at the 10 pmol level and provided a relatively specific means of following the oligosaccharides. MDAY-D2 cells produced disialylated aryl-oligosaccharides at a rate of 20 pmol/h/10(6) cells with a half-time of transit to the cell surface of 13.6 min, a rate consistent with their movement from the Golgi to the cell surface by bulk flow.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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