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Neurochem Int. 2008 May;52(6):956-61. doi: 10.1016/j.neuint.2007.12.002. Epub 2007 Dec 8.

ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) deficiency does not attenuate the brain-to-blood efflux transport of human amyloid-beta peptide (1-40) at the blood-brain barrier.

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Division of Membrane Transport and Drug Targeting, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tohoku University, Aoba, Aramaki, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8578, Japan.


ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) mediates apolipoprotein-dependent cholesterol release from cellular membranes. Recent studies using ABCA1 knockout mice have demonstrated that ABCA1 affects amyloid-beta peptide (A beta) levels in the brain and the production of senile plaque. Cerebral A beta(1-40) was eliminated from the brain to the circulating blood via the blood-brain barrier (BBB), which expresses ABCA1. Therefore, in the present study, we examined whether ABCA1 affects the brain-to-blood efflux transport of human A beta(1-40)(hA beta(1-40)) at the BBB. The apparent uptake of [125I]hA beta(1-40) into ABCA1-expressing HEK293 cells was not significantly different from that into parental HEK293 cells. In addition, the apparent uptake was not significantly affected even in the presence of apolipoprotein A-I as a cholesterol release acceptor. Moreover, [125I]hA beta(1-40) elimination from mouse brain across the BBB was not significantly different between ABCA1-deficient and wild-type mice 60 min after its administration into the cerebrum. These results suggest that ABCA1 does not directly transport hA beta(1-40) and a deficiency of ABCA1 does not attenuate the brain-to-blood efflux transport of hA beta(1-40) across the BBB.

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