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J Biol Chem. 2008 Mar 21;283(12):7523-30. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M709941200. Epub 2008 Jan 15.

cAMP-dependent protein kinase phosphorylation produces interdomain movement in SUR2B leading to activation of the vascular KATP channel.

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Department of Biology, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia 30302-4010, USA.


Vascular ATP-sensitive K(+) channels are activated by multiple vasodilating hormones and neurotransmitters via PKA. A critical PKA phosphorylation site (Ser-1387) is found in the second nucleotide-binding domain (NBD(2)) of the SUR2B subunit. To understand how phosphorylation at Ser-1387 leads to changes in channel activity, we modeled the SUR2B using a newly crystallized ABC protein SAV1866. The model showed that Ser-1387 was located on the interface of NBD2 with TMD1 and physically interacted with Tyr-506 in TMD1. A positively charged residue (Arg-1462) in NBD2 was revealed in the close vicinity of Ser-1387. Mutation of either of these three residues abolished PKA-dependent channel activation. Molecular dynamics simulations suggested that Ser-1387, Tyr-506, and Arg-1462 formed a compact triad upon Ser-1387 phosphorylation, leading to reshaping of the NBD2 interface and movements of NBD2 and TMD1. Restriction of the interdomain movements by engineering a disulfide bond between TMD1 and NBD2 prevented the channel activation in a redox-dependent manner. Thus, a channel-gating mechanism is suggested through enhancing the NBD-TMD coupling efficiency following Ser-1387 phosphorylation, which is shared by multiple vasodilators.

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