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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1977 Jul 8;483(1):35-45.

Two aldehyde dehydrogenases from human liver. Isolation via affinity chromatography and characterization of the isozymes.


Human liver extracts show two major bands with aldehyde dehydrogenase (Aldehyde:NAD+ oxidoreductase, EC activity via starch gel electrophoresis at pH 7.0. Both bands have been purified to apparent homogeneity via classical chromatography combined with affinity chromatography on 5'-AMP-Sepharose 4B. The slower migrating band, enzyme 1, when assayed at pH 9.5 has a low Km for NAD (8 micrometer) and a high Km for acetaldehyde (approx. 0.1 mM). It is very strongly inhibited by disulfiram at pH 7.0 with a Ki of 0.2 micrometer. The faster migrating band, enzyme 2, has a low Km for acetaldehyde, (2--3 micrometer at pH 9.5), a higher Km for NAD (70 micrometer at pH 9.5), and is not inhibited by disulfiram at pH 7.0. The two enzymes are very similar to the F1 and F2 isozymes of horse liver purified by Eckfeldt et al. (Eckfeldt, J., Mope, L., Takio, K. and Yonetani, T. (1976) J. Biol, Chem. 251, 236-240) in molecular weight, subunit composition, amino acid composition and extinction coefficient. Preliminary kinetic characterizations of the enzyme are presented.

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