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J Thromb Haemost. 2008 Apr;6(4):638-44. doi: 10.1111/j.1538-7836.2008.02894.x. Epub 2008 Jan 9.

A unique function for LRP-1: a component of a two-receptor system mediating specific endocytosis of plasma-derived factor V by megakaryocytes.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, University of Vermont College of Medicine, Burlington, VT, USA.



Factor V is endocytosed by megakaryocytes from plasma via a specific, receptor-mediated, clathrin-dependent mechanism to form the unique platelet-derived FV pool.


The role of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor-related protein-1 (LRP-1), or a related family member, in FV endocytosis by megakaryocytes was examined because of its known interactions with other proteins involved in hemostasis.


LRP-1 expression by megakaryocytes and its functional role in FV endocytosis was confirmed using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and specific antibodies. FV binding to megakaryocytes was performed under Ca(2+)-free conditions to quantify binding in the absence of endocytosis.


Cell surface expression of LRP-1 by CD34+ ex vivo-derived megakaryocytes and the megakaryocyte-like cell line CMK was confirmed using anti-LRP-1 antibodies and was consistent with the detection of LRP-1 message in these cells. All cells capable of endocytosing FV expressed LRP-1. Anti-LRP-1 antibodies and receptor-associated protein (RAP), a known antagonist of LDL receptor family members, displaced only 50% of the [(125)I]FV bound to megakaryocytes. FV binding to megakaryocytes showed positive cooperativity (Hill coefficient = 1.92 +/- 0.18) that was substantially reduced in the presence of RAP (1.47 +/- 0.26). As FV endocytosis is specific to this cofactor, a model is hypothesized where FV binding to a specific receptor facilitates binding and endocytosis of a second FV molecule by LRP-1, or a related family member. These combined observations describe a unique role for LRP-1 in endocytosis of a coagulation protein trafficked to alpha-granules and not destined for lysosomal degradation.

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