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J Atten Disord. 2008 Nov;12(3):207-17. doi: 10.1177/1087054707311666. Epub 2008 Jan 11.

Feasibility and preliminary efficacy of an after-school program for middle schoolers with ADHD: a randomized trial in a large public middle school.

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  • 1Youth and Family Research Program, Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA.



This pilot study tests the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of an after-school treatment program for middle schoolers with ADHD using a randomized clinical trial design.


A total of 23 students with ADHD (25% female, 48% African American) from a large public middle school were randomly assigned to a 10-week program or to community comparison. Manualized treatment targeted educational, social, and recreational skills, homework completion, and school and home behavior. Parents participated.


Recruitment and randomization targets were easily met (87% completion). Parent and teacher satisfaction was positive. Small to medium treatment effects resulted despite greater medication use in the control group, with improvements in functioning for the program-treated youth or absence of deterioration relative to the comparison group.


Despite testing an abbreviated version of the after-school program (< 5 months), this study reveals feasibility and palatability for this intervention and modest beneficial effects on behavioral and academic outcomes.

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