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Cell Calcium. 2008 Aug;44(2):190-201. doi: 10.1016/j.ceca.2007.11.003. Epub 2008 Jan 11.

Lysosomes co-localize with ryanodine receptor subtype 3 to form a trigger zone for calcium signalling by NAADP in rat pulmonary arterial smooth muscle.

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School of Chemical Sciences and Pharmacy, University of East Anglia, Norwich, NR4 7TJ, Norfolk, UK.


In arterial myocytes the Ca(2+) mobilizing messenger NAADP evokes spatially restricted Ca(2+) bursts from a lysosome-related store that are subsequently amplified into global Ca(2+) waves by Ca(2+)-induced Ca(2+)-release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) via ryanodine receptors (RyRs). Lysosomes facilitate this process by forming clusters that co-localize with a subpopulation of RyRs on the SR. We determine here whether RyR subtypes 1, 2 or 3 selectively co-localize with lysosomal clusters in pulmonary arterial myocytes using affinity purified specific antibodies. The density of: (1) alphalgP120 labelling, a lysosome-specific protein, in the perinuclear region of the cell (within 1.5mum of the nucleus) was approximately 4-fold greater than in the sub-plasmalemmal (within 1.5mum of the plasma membrane) and approximately 2-fold greater than in the extra-perinuclear (remainder) regions; (2) RyR3 labelling within the perinuclear region was approximately 4- and approximately 14-fold greater than that in the extra-perinuclear and sub-plasmalemmal regions, and approximately 2-fold greater than that for either RyR1 or RyR2; (3) despite there being no difference in the overall densities of fluorescent labelling of lysosomes and RyR subtypes between cells, co-localization with alphalgp120 labelling within the perinuclear region was approximately 2-fold greater for RyR3 than for RyR2 or RyR1; (4) co-localization between alphalgp120 and each RyR subtype declined markedly outside the perinuclear region. Furthermore, selective block of RyR3 and RyR1 with dantrolene (30muM) abolished global Ca(2+) waves but not Ca(2+) bursts in response to intracellular dialysis of NAADP (10nM). We conclude that a subpopulation of lysosomes cluster in the perinuclear region of the cell and form junctions with SR containing a high density of RyR3 to comprise a trigger zone for Ca(2+) signalling by NAADP.

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