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Eur J Pharmacol. 2008 Feb 26;581(1-2):226-33. doi: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2007.12.003. Epub 2007 Dec 14.

Antidiabetic effects of sub-chronic administration of the cannabinoid receptor (CB1) antagonist, AM251, in obese diabetic (ob/ob) mice.

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School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Ulster, Coleraine, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom.


Recent research suggests that cannabinoid CB1 receptor antagonism reduces appetite and body weight gain. The present study was designed to assess the sub-chronic effects of the selective cannabinoid CB1 receptor antagonist, AM251 (N-(Piperidin-1-yl)-5-(4-iodophenyl)-1-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-4-methyl-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxamide), in young ob/ob mice. Pair-fed animals were used as additional controls. Daily injection of AM251 (6 mg/kg body weight) for 18 days significantly (P<0.05) decreased daily and 18-day cumulative food intake. The corresponding body weight change did not achieve significance and values were not different from pair-fed mice. Non-fasting plasma glucose was decreased (P<0.05) from day 10 onwards by AM251 treatment. The glycaemic response to intraperitoneal glucose was correspondingly improved (P<0.05) in AM251 treated mice. In keeping with this, insulin sensitivity was enhanced (P<0.05) compared to controls. Furthermore, adipose mRNA levels of acetyl-CoA carboxylase 1 were significantly (P<0.05) reduced by 18 days AM251 treatment. There were no differences in either non-fasting or glucose-stimulated insulin release. Pair-feeding had broadly similar metabolic effects to AM251 treatment apart from increased (P<0.01) locomotor activity which was only observed in AM251 treated ob/ob mice. These data indicate that sub-chronic antagonism of the cannabinoid CB1 receptor by daily treatment with AM251 counters aspects of the hyperphagia-related impairment of ob/ob mouse metabolism. Such effects seem predominantly mediated by restriction of energy intake.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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